The twelfth week of the UKSN Community Challenge starts today! Learn about the UKSN and take part in weekly challenges, tasks and skills! Can you complete them all?
Don't forget to share your progress and pictures of your daily challenges on our Facebook group or in the comment section below.
This week you have 2 challenges to complete!
Make Char Cloth
Lighting a fire with just a flint and steel can be a little tough, especially if tinder is scarce or damp. Char cloth will make the task far easier!
- A metal tin with a metal lid
- Natural fabric such as cotton or denim
- A hammer
- 1 Nail
- A Fire or camping gas stove
You are struggling to get a fire started using just a flint and steel so it's time to create Char Cloth!
Step 1: Find a metal tin with a lid such as an Altoids tin.
Step 2: Pierce a small hole in the lid of the tin using a hammer and a nail.
Step 3: Choose a fabric that is made of natural fibers such as a cotton t-shirt or a pair of denim jeans.
Step 4: Cut the fabric into small squares that fit flat inside your tin.
Step 5: Fill your tin nearly to the brim by stacking the fabric squares.
Step 6: Close the lid and place the tin into a fire or ventilated heat source.
Step 7: Wait until the tin stops smoking which can take between 5 and 60 mins
Step 8: Remove the tin from the heat source and leave to cool.
Step 9: Inspect the cloth. If it isn't completely charcoal black, repeats steps 6-9.
How do I Use Char Cloth?
Place the char cloth within your tinder bundle and proceed to strike your flint and steel towards the Char Cloth. The cloth will ignite and should help 'light' your tinder!
The Challenge Learn and practice CPR
What is CPR? CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It combines chest compressions and rescue breaths to give a person the best chance of survival following a cardiac arrest. If an adult is unresponsive and not breathing normally, you still need to call 999 or 112 for emergency help and start CPR straight away
We've updated our guidance due to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Step 1: If you find someone collapsed, you should first perform a primary survey. Do not place your face close to theirs. If you have established from this that they are unresponsive and not breathing, you should ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency help while you start CPR. Ask a helper to find and bring a defibrillator, if available. > Ask your helper to put the phone on speaker and hold it out towards you, so they can maintain a 2m distance > If you are on your own, use the hands-free speaker on a phone so you can start CPR while speaking to ambulance control > Do not leave the casualty to look for a defibrillator yourself. The ambulance will bring one.
Step 2: Before you start CPR, use a towel or piece of clothing and lay it over the mouth and nose of the casualty. Start CPR. Kneel by the casualty and put the heel of your hand on the middle of their chest. Put your other hand on top of the first. Interlock your fingers making sure they don't touch the ribs. Keep your arms straight and lean over the casualty. Press down hard, to a depth of about 5-6cm before releasing the pressure, allowing the chest to come back up. > The beat of the song "Staying Alive" can help you keep the right speed > Do not give rescue breaths.
Step 3: Continue to perform CPR until: > Emergency help arrives and takes over > The person starts showing signs of life and starts to breathe normally > You are too exhausted to continue (if there is a helper, you can change over every one-to-two minutes, with minimal interruptions to chest compressions) > A defibrillator is ready to be used.
Step 4: If the helper returns with a defibrillator, ask them to switch it on and follow the voice prompts while you continue with CPR. > Wherever possible, the helper should keep a distance of 2m.
Step 5: If the casualty shows signs of becoming responsive such as coughing, opening eyes, speaking, and starts to breathe normally, put them in the recovery position. Monitor their level of response and prepare to give CPR again if necessary. > If you have used a defibrillator, leave it attached.
For more information and a video - visit: https://www.sja.org.uk/get-advice/first-aid-advice/unresponsive-casualty/how-to-do-cpr-on-an-adult/
These steps have been taken from the St john Ambulance website. Please consider donating and support the very important work they do by visiting: https://www.sja.org.uk/donate/